Antisemitism peaked globally in 2021; “It is T
Writers: “Despite the considerable efforts and resources invested in the fight against anti-Semitism in recent years, the phenomenon is on the increase. More funds, more conferences and more laws will not necessarily make a difference. We must relentlessly examine the effectiveness of existing strategies.”
- The report identifies a dramatic increase in anti-Semitic incidents in almost all countries with large Jewish populations. In most countries, the increase was also substantial compared to 2019, before the Covid-19 restrictions were imposed.
- Major causes of the rise of anti-Semitism in 2021: the strengthening of the radical right and left in different countries, and the boom in conspiracy theories generated by the Covid-19 crisis.
- When Israel fights back, Jews around the world become the target of incitement and hate crimes – the conflict between Israel and Hamas in Gaza in May 2021 led to a sharp increase in anti-Semitic incidents.
Link to the video report:
Please find attached some sample cartoons (2019-2021) and the full annual report.
On the eve of Holocaust Remembrance Day, the Center for the Study of Contemporary European Judaism at Tel Aviv University’s Faculty of Humanities releases its 28th annual report on anti-Semitism around the world. The report, which covers events in 2021, is based on analysis of dozens of studies from around the world, as well as information from law enforcement authorities, media and Jewish organizations in various countries. .
The disturbing results point to a sharp increase in the number of anti-Semitic incidents in many countries, even compared to the pre-pandemic year of 2019.
The authors report a dramatic increase in the number of anti-Semitic incidents in the United States, Canada, the United Kingdom, Germany and Australia, as well as in other countries. According to the report, the increase comes from the strengthening of radical political movements on the right and left in different countries and the wide reach of social networks to spread lies and incitement. Specifically, the boom in conspiracy theories resulting from the pandemic, as well as the conflict between Israel and Hamas in Gaza in May 2021, have generated strong surges in anti-Semitism.
Teacher. Uriya Shavit, head of the Center for the Study of Contemporary European Judaism: “Something is just not working. In recent years, the fight against antisemitism has benefited from enormous resources around the world, and yet, despite many important programs and initiatives, the number of antisemitic incidents, including violent attacks, is increasing rapidly. The simplest thing is to say that we need more laws and more funding. But what we really need is a courageous and ruthless examination of the effectiveness of the strategies existing.
Professor Shavit added that “Russian war crimes, accompanied by the cynical distortion of the memory of the Holocaust, prove that some of those who declared their commitment to the fight against anti-Semitism, were not really serious about it and hadn’t really learned the lessons of World War II. The Jewish world needs to pull itself together and understand that the fight against anti-Semitism and the fight for liberal democratic values are one and the same thing.
Founder of the Center, Professor Dina Poratwrote an analysis of the reasons for the increase in antisemitic incidents, highlighting the negative impact of social networks in amplifying antisemitism. Exposure to the conspiracy theories that thrive on the internet has increased during the pandemic shutdowns, which have kept people at home glued to their screens, Prof Porat says. These toxic ideas included claims that the Covid-19 virus was engineered and spread by Israel and Jews, she explains. Some of those poisoned by such theories for such a long time have emerged from bitter and aggressive confinements. Professor Porat also highlights Iran’s efforts to spread anti-Semitic propaganda through social media and to fund specific channels, and the need to publicize and denounce these efforts everywhere.
The report’s in-depth and in-depth examinations reveal disturbing phenomena in a range of countries. Dr. Inna Shtakser discusses the rise of state-sponsored anti-Semitism under the authoritarian leadership of Belarus; Dr. Carl Yonker and Dr. Lev Topor describe how anti-Semitic white supremacists penetrate mainstream American conservatism; Dr. Ofir Winter analyzes voices in the Arab world who paint the Abraham Accords with unmistakably anti-Semitic colours; and Adv. Talia Naamat demonstrates the challenges for French courts to recognize Islamist anti-Semitism for what it is.
Highlights from the 2021 Annual Report on Global Antisemitism (for more details, please see the full report):
The 2021 annual report on antisemitism in the world shows a significant increase in various types of antisemitic incidents in most countries with large Jewish populations in 2021:
- UNITED STATES: In 2021, the NYPD recorded 214 anti-Jewish hate crimes compared to 126 in 2020, and the LAPD recorded 79 such crimes compared to just 40 in 2020. 251 anti-Semitic incidents were recorded in the United States in just three weeks during riots around Israel. – Hamas conflict in May.
According to the annual survey of the American Jewish Committee (AJC), 2.6% of American Jews say they have been victims of anti-Semitic physical attacks in the past five years.
The Anti-Defamation League (ADL) recorded a 27% increase from 2020 and a 113% increase from 2019 in incidents of white supremacist anti-Semitic propaganda. This data is particularly concerning given that there has been a slight decrease in the overall number of distributions of white supremacist propaganda.
- France: The Jewish Community Protection Service (SPJC), in cooperation with the French Ministry of the Interior, recorded 589 antisemitic incidents in 2021, an increase of 74% compared to 2020 and a decrease of 14% compared to 2019.
- Canada: In May 2021, B’nai Brith Canada reported 61 assaults against Jews – a 40-year record (since monitoring began in 1982) anti-Semitic physical violence in one month. A total of 226 incidents were recorded in May, an increase of 54% compared to the same period in 2020.
- UK: The Community Service Trust (CST) recorded 2,255 antisemitic incidents in 2021, an increase of 34% from 2020 and 24% from 2019. A sharp increase of 78% from 2020 was recorded in physical assaults on Jews.
- Germany: German police recorded 3,028 anti-Semitic incidents in 2021, an increase of 29% compared to 2020 and 49% compared to 2019.
Another disturbing phenomenon recorded in 2021: German anti-vaxxers compared their situation to that of Jews during the Holocaust. The authors of the report argue that this has led to the trivialization of the Holocaust.
- Australia: 447 anti-Semitic incidents were recorded in 2021 – an increase of 35% compared to 2020 and 21.5% compared to 2019. The highest monthly total ever recorded was recorded in May – 88 incidents.
Reasons for the sharp increase in antisemitic incidents around the world:
The report suggests that the number of anti-Semitic incidents around the world has been directly impacted by two major events: the conflict between Israel and Hamas in Gaza in May 2021 (Operation Guardian of the Walls) and the Covid-19 pandemic.
- Operation Guardian of the Walls (conflict between Israel and Hamas in Gaza), May 2021: The report’s authors note that the operation in Gaza has led to a sharp increase in anti-Semitic incidents around the world and say that “the conflict has revealed an unacceptable reality: when Israel fights back, Jews around the world are attacked.” Social networks played a major role in this wave. This raises concerns about the usefulness of legislation and agreements reached with social media companies on banning anti-Semitic expressions on their platforms. The most serious concern is the dark canvas, which is home to extremists of all kinds and where anti-Semitic content is disseminated freely and openly. The report also notes that Iran invests significant time and funds in spreading anti-Semitic propaganda online, focusing its campaigns primarily in the United States and Latin America.
- The Covid-19 pandemic: From the start of the pandemic in 2020, conspiracy theories began to sprout around the world, accusing Jews and Israel of spreading the virus. These accusations were reminiscent of age-old calumnies. The lockdowns, which have stuck people in front of their screens at home, have largely helped popularize toxic anti-Semitic discourse on social media. In 2021, when the containment measures were gradually relaxed, the anti-Semites have returned to the streets, and physical violence against Jews increased. At the same time, social media activity did not decline, becoming a determinant of identity for some participants.
- Some anti-vaxxers have accused Jews of developing vaccines in order to make a fortune. The success of the vaccines, and Israel’s effective vaccination campaign in particular, have only served to reinforce these false accusations. Anti-vaxxers also introduced erroneous comparisons between government-required vaccination and the situation of Jews during the Holocaust, leading to the trivialization of the Holocaust. In one instance, a photo of Albert Bourla, CEO of Pfizer and son of Auschwitz survivors, was posted alongside that of infamous Nazi doctor Joseph Mengele, to imply that the two were experimenting on human beings.
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Global Antisemitism Report 2021
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